Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, has died at age 99, Buckingham Palace said Friday.
Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip have lavished much attention on Canada throughout their lives, each visiting the country more than 20 times over the years.
Prince Philip, the Duke of Edinburgh, dies at 99
The list below includes some notable Canadian visits by Prince Philip with and without the Queen.
Princess Elizabeth and her new husband, Prince Philip, did a coast-to-coast tour of the country in 1951, representing George VI, who was suffering from lung cancer at the time. Philip made his first speeches on Canadian soil during this tour.
He said he admired that Canada had preserved its independence, developed a distinct culture and had its own scientific and cultural innovators.
Prince Philip made 10 trips to Manitoba dating back to 1951
From square dancing and wearing blue jeans at Rideau Hall in Ottawa, to and attending the Calgary Stampede in a white Stetson hat, Princess Elizabeth said that her husband was especially popular with Canadians.
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Prince Philip made a solo, 20-day visit to various Canadian cities including Ottawa and Vancouver in 1954.
This royal tour was designed to show off Canada’s post-war development of science and natural resources, but also to take in the British Empire Games, at Empire Stadium in Vancouver.
Queen Elizabeth and the Duke of Edinburgh paid a four-day visit to Hull, Que., and Ottawa where they officially opened the fall session of Parliament in 1957. It was Her Majesty’s first visit as Queen.
The Queen and Prince Philip attended a six-week tour of all provinces and territories in 1959. Highlights included attending the St. Lawrence Seaway opening, which opened up to commercial shipping that year.
U.S. President Eisenhower and Prime Minister John Diefenbaker were also in attendance.
Over a span of 23 days, Prince Philip attended a Commonwealth Study Conference in 1962 and visited five cities across Canada: Ottawa, Montreal, London, Toronto and Vancouver.
The first Commonwealth Study Conference was, in the words of Prince Philip, “an extraordinary experiment,” set out to provide an opportunity for people from all over the Commonwealth to leave behind their usual roles and, with a diverse group of people, examine the relationship between industry and the community around it.
The Queen and Prince Philip visited Charlottetown, Quebec City and Ottawa to attend a commemoration of Confederation meetings that took place a century earlier.
The royal couple were reportedly met with hostility in Quebec City by separatists who saw her as the symbol of past colonial oppression.
There were more than half a dozen demonstrations protesting along the Queen’s route. The demonstrators chanted, “Quebec for the Quebecois,” or sang “Alouette,” a song associated with French Canada, as the Queen’s car passed, according to the New York Times.
The Queen and Prince Philip spent six days in Ottawa and Montreal in June and July 1967 attending celebrations for Canada’s centennial and Expo 1967.
Prince Philip travelled to Winnipeg in November that year to open the Pan American Games.
Prince Philip visited Ottawa, Newfoundland, New Brunswick, Quebec, Alberta, and B.C., to study operations of the Duke of Edinburgh Awards Scheme.
Prince Philip, the Duke of Edinburgh, dies at 99
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The Queen, Prince Philip, Princess Anne and Prince Charles visited Manitoba in 1970 to mark the 100th anniversary of the province’s entry into Confederation. They also toured the Northwest Territories to participate in centennial celebrations there.
The Queen, Prince Charles and Princess Anne toured B.C. in 1971 to mark the centenary anniversary of British Columbia into the Confederation of Canada. Cities they visited included: Victoria, Vancouver, Tofino, Kelowna, Vernon, Penticton, Williams Lake and Comox.
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The Queen and Prince Philip toured Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Saskatchewan and Alberta in 1973. They marked the RCMP centennial, the centennial of P.E.I. joining Confederation and the tercentennial of Kingston, Ont.
According to a New York Times article from that year, the schedule included school presentations, opening ceremonies, banquets, hospital visits and and “the walkabout,” in which the Queen chatted informally with people in the crowds.
Less than a month after their previous visit, the Queen and Prince Philip returned to Canada to greet heads of government at Commonwealth meetings in Ottawa.
The Queen and princes Philip, Charles, Andrew and Edward toured Nova Scotia and New Brunswick in 1976. They also took in the opening ceremonies for the Montreal Olympics and stayed to watch Princess Anne compete in equestrian events.
Princess Anne, who was 25 at the time, was a member of the British equestrian team.
When the British team marched by, “although you had to be up close to see it, Prince Philip gave the Queen a little nudge as if to encourage her to wave to daughter Anne marching three rows from the back and three spots in from the curbing in the British team,” the Montreal Gazette reported at the time.
The Queen and princes Philip, Edward and Andrew visit Newfoundland, Saskatchewan and Alberta in 1978, and attended the Commonwealth Games in Edmonton.
According to the BBC, a crowd of 45,000 spectators rose to their feet as the Royal Family, travelling in two open-top cars, entered the stadium in Edmonton.
In her opening speech, the Queen said how pleased she was to be in Edmonton for the games and, on behalf of the Canadian people, welcomed the 1,475 athletes from 46 different countries to the event.
The Queen, accompanied by Prince Philip, visited Ottawa for four days to sign the proclamation of the Constitution Act in 1982.
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The Queen and Prince Philip visited New Brunswick (Dieppe, Shediac, Moncton, Fredericton, Sackville and Riverview) and Ontario (Ottawa, Morrisburg, Cornwall, Prescott, Kingston, Amhertsview, Windsor, Brantford and Sudbury) for both provinces’ bicentennials in 1984.
The Queen then carried on alone to tour Winnipeg.
The Queen and Prince Philip visited British Columbia, Saskatchewan and Quebec over a 16-day tour in 1987.
The couple was greeted at Victoria Airport by a 21-gun salute, Prime Minister Brian Mulroney, Governor-General Jeane Sauve, British Columbia Premier William Vander Zalm and several thousand loyal subjects, according to the Associated Press.
A highlight of the royal tour included the Queen’s first return to Quebec since separatists staged riots to protest her visit there in October 1964.
The Queen and Prince Philip toured Nova Scotia and British Columbia, where they attended the Commonwealth Games in Victoria. The Duke of Edinburgh also made stops in the Northwest Territories (Yellowknife, Rankin Inlet and Iqaluit).
The Queen and Prince Philip traveled to Newfoundland in 1997 to celebrate the 500th anniversary of John Cabot’s arrival. The Queen also visited several cities in Ontario, while Prince Philip surveyed flood damage in Manitoba.
Prince Philip took a special helicopter trip on his own to Manitoba after hearing about the disaster. He wanted to see the damage caused by The Flood of the Century for himself, former chief of protocol for Manitoba Dwight MacAulay, recalled.
“The floodwaters had started to recede, but he was very concerned about what was happening in … Manitoba,” MacAulay said.
MacAulay remembered Prince Philip as a charming man with a good sense of humour who also showed compassion for those affected by flooding when he visited.
The Queen and Prince Philip made an 11-day visit to Canada on the last leg of their Commonwealth Golden Jubilee tour in 2002. Among other events, they dropped a ceremonial puck at a Vancouver Canucks game, visited the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Ottawa, attended a lunch at Rideau Hall with 51 distinguished Canadians and presented the RCMP musical ride with an Irish mare.
Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip made a nine-day tour of Saskatchewan and Alberta to celebrate both provinces’ centennials in 2005. The trip was characterized by torrents of rain at nearly every stop.
The Queen and Prince Philip made a nine-day trip to Canada in 2010, starting with a stop in Halifax where she reviewed a flotilla of international warships. They also visited Ottawa, Winnipeg, Toronto, and Waterloo, Ont.
Prince Philip made a solo, two-day visit to Toronto in 2013 where he was presented with the highest rank of the Order of Canada. He was also awarded new regimental colours to the Third Battalion of the Royal Canadian Regiment.
Prince Philip presented with Order of Canada
The event attracted worldwide attention because the then 91-year-old prince had reduced his overseas travel.
This was Prince Philip’s last visit to Canada.
— With files from Global News Shane Gibson and the Canadian Press
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