What Doug Ford’s new cabinet faces: inflation, housing crisis, union talks

Ontario Premier Doug Ford unveiled his new cabinet on a sunny Friday morning outside of Queen’s Park. 

But after that, stormy economic and political weather looms for Ford’s second-term government. 

Ontario confronts the highest rate of inflation in nearly 40 years, an economic reality that will have a strong influence on everything from the amount of tax revenue the government brings in to the amount of pressure public sector unions exert for higher wage increases. 

The new cabinet also faces a housing affordability crisis that has spread to all corners of the province, an overburdened health-care system weakened by more than two years of dealing with the COVID-19 pandemic, and a long list of promises to be kept.   

Ford and his newly appointed ministers were sworn in at 11:15 a.m. in an outdoor ceremony in front of the legislature. 

The first cabinet of the Ford government, pictured along with Lieutenant Governor Elizabeth Dowdeswell, front row centre, in June 2018. (Mark Blinch/The Canadian Press)

Here’s a look at the five biggest issues facing Ford and his ministers: 

1. Inflation

The rapid rise in the cost of living is a far-reaching economic problem that no provincial government can be expected to solve, yet it’s a problem that stands to have a profound effect on much of what the Ontario government does.

The Progressive Conservatives’ measures to make life more affordable have so far focused primarily on making driving more affordable: scrapping Ontario’s $120 vehicle registration fee, ending tolls on provincially owned highways, and promising to reduce the gasoline tax by 5.7 cents a litre for six months, effective July 1.

Inflation will in many ways help the government’s coffers: when consumer goods cost more, sales tax revenue increases. Inflation doesn’t seem to be hurting corporate profits so far, so the province can also expect its corporate tax revenues to rise accordingly. 

Of course, inflation also makes it more expensive for the government to buy stuff and to build stuff, so expect to see the price tags for the government’s big construction projects balloon past their budgets.

The cost of living in Canada rose at its fastest pace in almost 40 years in the year up to May, Statistics Canada reported this week. The annual inflation rate is running at 7.7 per cent. (Robert Krbavac/CBC)

But the biggest inflationary concern for the government will be what it does to public sector wages. Salaries account for roughly half of the province’s annual operating budget.

2. Public sector contract talks

Whether it’s teachers, nurses, hydro workers, police officers, road maintenance crews or Service Ontario staff, they’re all seeing inflation eat into their take-home pay. That is bound to lead to public sector unions asking for higher wages whenever their next round of bargaining begins, the argument being that any annual wage increase of less than the rate of inflation amounts to a pay cut.

An annual inflation rate of 7.7 per cent sets a dramatically higher bar for pay increases than the public sector has seen for decades.

Add in the fact that the Ford government capped annual public sector pay hikes at 1 per cent through its Bill 124 at a time when private sector pay hikes were higher, and you’ve got significant pent-up demand for wage catch-ups.

It all sets the stage for some tough negotiations, starting with education workers. Don’t forget that Ontario was seeing schools closed province-wide by teachers’ strikes only weeks before the schools were closed as a result of COVID-19.

Unionized public sector workers in Ontario whose salaries are paid through provincial funding have been subject to a one per cent cap on annual wage increases since the Ford government brought in Bill 124. (Esteban Cuevas/CBC)

One of the stumbling blocks in those 2020 talks: the government was offering teachers one per cent wage hikes, and the unions wanted increases at the rate of inflation. Back then, inflation was running at around two per cent. 

It will be particularly interesting to see how contract talks with health-care workers are handled, given all the praise Ford lavished on them during the pandemic. They’ll understandably want the government to put its money where its mouth is. 

3. Health system

Ford’s new minister of health will step into the shoes of Christine Elliott following her decision to leave politics.

Elliott’s successor will inherit responsibility for a $68-billion system that is struggling to cope with staffing shortages, record wait times in emergency rooms, and a huge surgical backlog, even though there’s currently a lull in COVID-19 cases in the province’s hospitals. 

The health minister will most immediately need to deal with the human resources crunch in health care and ensure the system is prepared for whatever new variant of COVID-19 might emerge in the fall. The new minister will also want to move further on the health-system reforms the government began pre-pandemic designed to tackle the root causes of the hallway medicine problem.

Former solicitor general Sylvia Jones stepped into the role of minister of health taking from Elliott. Sources close to the government have previously told CBC News that Jones was the front-runner for the job, with Prabmeet Sarkaria, the former head of Treasury Board, also under consideration. 

Sylvia Jones served in cabinet as the Ford’s government’s solicitor general during the COVID-19 pandemic and was the minister responsible for overseeing Ontario’s vaccine rollout. She succeeds Christine Elliott as health minister. (Cole Burston/The Canadian Press)

The last iteration of Ford’s cabinet included an associate minister focused on mental health. Look to see whether that post stays in place as a signal that the issue remains a government priority.

4. Housing affordability

The soaring cost of buying a home has receded slightly in the past few months, since the Bank of Canada jacked up interest rates in an attempt to rein in inflation.

Still, the average sale price of a home in Ontario in May was 8.7 per cent higher than it was in May of 2021, according to the Canadian Real Estate Association

The government is promising to clear the way for 1.5 million new homes to be built in Ontario over the next decade, a target set by the province’s housing affordability task force. But the government didn’t exactly embrace much of the rest of the task force’s recommendations, such as its call for greater density in neighbourhoods of single family homes. 

A housing affordability task force appointed by the Ford government recommended the province force municipalities to boost density in neighbourhoods currently zoned for single family homes. (Ed Middleton/CBC)

The housing action plan the Ford government unveiled this spring is in large part focused on speeding up municipal approvals for development projects, and observers in the sector question whether that will go anywhere near far enough to boost the housing supply to a level that begins to rein in prices. 

Michael Parsa was sworn in as associate minister in Friday’s new cabinet, a move that acknowledges the importance of the issue as well as offers an extra hand to the minister of municipal affairs and housing. 

5. Keeping promises

Ford’s won re-election on the simple slogan of “Get It Done” and a mantra of being the party saying “Yes.” The lengthy list of things Ford said “Yes” to provides a handy scorecard to mark the government against over the coming months and years

A few of the promises to keep your eye on:

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